Gynecological malignancies include any cancers of the female reproductive system. Most commonly involving the uterus (endometrial cancer) or cervix, gynecological cancers can also affect the vagina, ovaries, and vulva. Treatment for these malignancies can include surgery, radiation, and/or chemotherapy. Here at Lawrence Cancer Center, we are pleased to be able to offer our patients radiation therapy for their gynecological malignancies. In cancers of the uterus and cervix, brachytherapy is a very important part of treatment, and it is common for this type of radiation to be used. Other names for this type of treatment besides brachytherapy include internal radiation therapy and intracavitary radiotherapy. Historically, this would require admission to the hospital and prolonged periods of device insertion. With high-dose rate therapy at Lawrence Cancer Center the device is placed inside the body for short periods of time and then taken out after treatment is given.